The technique of creating websites and online applications that are able to be used by users of all abilities, including those with impairments, is known as accessibility. Designing for users who could have visual, auditory, motor, or cognitive limitations falls under this category.
Accessibility needs to be ensured for a variety of reasons. In the first place, it is the morally just and right thing to do since it ensures that persons with disabilities have equal access to internet information and services. Additionally, considering accessibility while creating a website might help it reach a broader audience, which can be advantageous for businesses.
There are a number of ways to ensure accessibility in web design. Some best practices include:
Using semantic HTML: When using semantic HTML, tags are used to express the content’s meaning rather than just its look. This makes it possible for screen readers and other assistive technology to comprehend the layout and content of a website, which might be useful.
Providing alt text for images: Alt text is a brief description of an image that is displayed if the image cannot be displayed. Providing alt text can help to make a website more accessible to users with visual impairments. It must be remembered that not all internet users will be able to see the images on your website.
Using appropriate headings and labels: Headings and labels can help to create a clear hierarchy of information, making it easier for users to understand the content of a page. On top of being more accessible, the proper use of headings and labels is an SEO must.
Using colors with high contrast: Using colors with a high contrast ratio can help to make a website more readable for users with visual impairments.
Using descriptive link text: Link text should clearly describe the destination of the link, rather than just using “click here.” This can help to make a website more accessible to users with cognitive impairments. You want the user to be clear on where the button they are clicking will be taking them.
By following these best practices, web designers can create beautiful websites that are accessible to users of all abilities.